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Drystone Retaining Walls: Design, Construction and Assessment

Author/EditorMcCombie, Paul F. (Author)
Morel, Jean-Claude (Coventry University, (Author)
Garnier, Denis (Ecole Nationale des Pont (Author)
ISBN: 9781482250886
Pub Date25/09/2015
BindingHardback
Pages170
Dimensions (mm)235(h) * 156(w)
$203.51
excluding shipping
Availability: Available to order but dispatch within 7-10 days
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Take a Detailed Look at the Practice of Drystone Retaining Wall Construction

Drystone retaining walls make very efficient use of local materials, and sit comfortably in their environment. They make an important contribution to heritage and to the character of the landscape, and are loved by many people who value the skill and ingenuity that has gone into their construction, as well as simply how they look.

And yet, in engineering terms, they are complex. They can deform significantly as their loading changes and their constituent stones weather. This gives them ductility-they deal with changes by adapting to them. In some ways, they behave like conventional concrete retaining walls, but in many ways they are better. They cannot be designed or assessed correctly unless these differences are understood.

Implementing concepts that require no prior knowledge of civil engineering, the authors:

Explain the behavior of earth retaining structures
Provide a theoretical framework for modeling the mechanical stability of a drystone retaining wall
Outline reliable rules for constructing a drystone retaining wall
Include charts to support the preliminary sizing of drystone retaining walls
Examine the relevance of drystone in terms of sustainability
Describe more advanced methods of analysis
Drystone Retaining Walls: Design, Construction and Assessment draws on theoretical work and full-scale practical testing to explain how these structures work, without presuming that the reader has received an engineering education. The book goes on to give enough detail to give the professional engineer confidence in the methods used in design and assessment, and insight into what matters most in the way in which drystone retaining walls are built. It shows how to design new or replacement drystone retaining walls that are efficient, sustainable, attractive, and in keeping with the character of the area where they are built, and demonstrates how to make fair assessments of existing walls.

Take a Detailed Look at the Practice of Drystone Retaining Wall Construction

Drystone retaining walls make very efficient use of local materials, and sit comfortably in their environment. They make an important contribution to heritage and to the character of the landscape, and are loved by many people who value the skill and ingenuity that has gone into their construction, as well as simply how they look.

And yet, in engineering terms, they are complex. They can deform significantly as their loading changes and their constituent stones weather. This gives them ductility-they deal with changes by adapting to them. In some ways, they behave like conventional concrete retaining walls, but in many ways they are better. They cannot be designed or assessed correctly unless these differences are understood.

Implementing concepts that require no prior knowledge of civil engineering, the authors:

Explain the behavior of earth retaining structures
Provide a theoretical framework for modeling the mechanical stability of a drystone retaining wall
Outline reliable rules for constructing a drystone retaining wall
Include charts to support the preliminary sizing of drystone retaining walls
Examine the relevance of drystone in terms of sustainability
Describe more advanced methods of analysis
Drystone Retaining Walls: Design, Construction and Assessment draws on theoretical work and full-scale practical testing to explain how these structures work, without presuming that the reader has received an engineering education. The book goes on to give enough detail to give the professional engineer confidence in the methods used in design and assessment, and insight into what matters most in the way in which drystone retaining walls are built. It shows how to design new or replacement drystone retaining walls that are efficient, sustainable, attractive, and in keeping with the character of the area where they are built, and demonstrates how to make fair assessments of existing walls.

Paul F. McCombie graduated with a BA in engineering from Cambridge University in 1981. He then worked for a consulting engineer and studied for an M.Sc in soil mechanics at Imperial College, London. After three years with Netlon Limited, in 1990 he moved to the University of Bath, where he served as director of studies for civil engineering and head of civil engineering. He has been deputy head of department since 2009. In 2010, he was awarded the Institution of Civil Engineers John Mitchell Medal for his research on dry stone retaining walls within the BRE Centre for Innovative Construction Materials (BRE CICM). Jean-Claude Morel was director of research (equivalent to professor) at Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat (ENTPE) in France. He is now professor of low impact buildings at Coventry University. He gained his Ph.D in 1996 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. In 1998, following an invitation from the architect Patrick Cohen, he initiated a series of research projects on drystone walls, at first with Boris Villemus, and later with Denis Garnier, Anne-Sophie Colas, and then Eric Vincens. He has carried out major research work on low-impact building materials, including a series of testing campaigns on full-scale dry stone retaining structures, on which he has published extensively. Denis Garnier gained his Ph.D in soil mechanics in the prestigious Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees (Paris, France), where he is now senior lecturer and teaches the course on continuum mechanics. He is also professor at ENTPE (member of the University of Lyons, France), where he teaches the course of yield design analysis theories. He started his research in the team of Jean Salencon with Patrick de Buhan. He has carried out major research work on rock engineering and the stability modelling of drystone structures, mainly based on homogenization theories. He collaborates with Jean-Claude Morel of ENTPE in 3D modelling and full-scale experiments of dry stone masonries.

Introduction Uses of drystone retaining walls Construction styles Sustainability Summary An introduction to the behaviour of simple earth retaining structures The behaviour of soil The fundamental requirements of a gravity retaining wall Earth pressure calculations Limit equilibrium analysis Yield analysis Summary Behaviour of drystone retaining structures Transmission of forces within a drystone wall The effect of loading at the ground surface The effect of the rough back face Overturning behaviour Wall deformations and their implications Bulging Tensile strength Vertically orientated stones and bending resistance Construction styles using rounded stones The effects of a tightly constructed face Summary Analysis and design Ensuring safety The distinction between analysis and design The distinct element method Limit equilibrium analysis Yield design analysis Design charts Summary of analytical methods Construction Building in drystone Building a drystone retaining wall Summary Acknowledgements Assessment The scope and purposes of assessment Methods of assessment - observation and interpretation Summary Design charts - to enable initial sizing

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